Causes of Cancer and Treatment

Cancer can be caused due to various reasons, some are preventable, and some are non-preventable. Risk factors which may cause cancer include consumption of heavy alcohol, heavy body weight, physical inactivity, but this type of causes is preventable. Other causes of cancer are not preventable. Age is the most significant unpreventable risk factor. According to the American Cancer Society, 87 percent of cancer is diagnosed by doctors in the U.S. in people ages 50 years or older.

Treatments

Development of new medications and treatment technologies are coming to the market due to innovative research. Doctors usually prescribe treatments based on the type of cancer, its stage at diagnosis, and the person's overall health.

  1. Chemotherapy aims to kill cancerous cells with medications that target rapidly dividing cells. The Drugs can be used to shrink tumors, but they can cause severe side effects.
  2. Immunotherapy uses medications and other treatments to boost the immune system and encourage it to fight cancerous cells.
  3. Radiation therapy uses high-dose radiation to kill cancerous cells. Sometimes radiation is also suggested by doctor which is used to shrink a tumor before surgery or reduce tumor-related symptoms.
  4. Stem cell transplant can be especially beneficial for people with blood-related cancers, such as leukemia or lymphoma. Red or white blood cells are removed, that chemotherapy or radiation has destroyed. The cells are then kept back into the body by lab technicians.
  5. Surgery is often a part of a treatment plan when a person has a cancerous tumor. A lymph node can also be removed by a surgeon to reduce or prevent the disease's spread.

 

  • Precision medicine, or personalized medicine
  • Targeted therapies
  • Hormone therapy

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